Disease Progression of Alcohol and Drug Addiction
So how do you know where you, or your loved one, are in this addiction disease progression? Click here for a printable copy of the Jellinek Chart.
SOCIAL USERS – Occasional substance use is not uncommon, especially with alcohol. In fact, most Americans are characterized as social drinkers. Alcohol Addiction Statistics indicate, however, that one of every 16 drinkers will become addicted to alcohol. Those same odds apply to other addictive substances.
SUBSTANCE ABUSE – Think of it as the "warning signs of addiction" stage. The individual begins to use drugs or alcohol more frequently, and at intermittent times, his/her substance use gets out of control. When the alcohol or drug use gets out of control, often something "bad" happens, such as someone gets kicked out of the house, gets in a fight or has a wreck. Once alcohol or drug use has caused one bad thing to happen, that user has entered the Substance Abuse stage. Fortunately, this does not mean that the person is addicted, but rather it means that if they choose to stop their use now, they can be successful in doing so on their own because they are not yet addicted.
EARLY ADDICTION – With increasing frequency, the individual uses the substance too much. "Blackouts," or temporary amnesia, occur. He/she uses more rapidly than others, and sneaks or conceals the quantity used. He/she resents any reference to his/her addiction habits.
BASIC ADDICTION – The individual begins to lose control as to the time, place and amount used. He/she over indulges unintentionally, uses to overcome the hangover from prior episodes, and tries new patterns of use to try to maintain some sense of control. He/she attempts cures by moving to new locations or by changing companions.
CHRONIC ADDICTION – The individual becomes a loner, develops alibis, excuses and rationalizations to cover up or explain the substance abuse. Personality and behavior changes occur that affect all relationships – family, employment, community. Extended binges, physical tremors, hallucinations and delirium, complete rejection of social reality, malnutrition with accompanying illness and disease and early death all occur as the chronic addiction progresses.
Enterhealth’s medically driven alcohol addiction treatment and drug rehabilitation treatment offers personalized residential and outpatient programs in Dallas, Texas, uniquely suited to where you are in your recovery journey.
Call Enterhealth 24/7 at 800.388.4601 or email us for more information. Don’t just get clean/sober. Get well.